The Home Office has always argued that faked chips would be spotted at border checkpoints because they would not match key codes when checked against an international data-base. But only ten of the forty-five countries with e-passports have signed up to the Public Key Directory (PKD) code system, and only five are using it. Britain is a member but will not use the directory before next year. Even then, the system will be fully secure only if every e-passport country has joined.[From ‘Fakeproof’ e-passport is cloned in minutes – Times Online]
Nearly right. It’s digital signatures that “would not match” and the international database contains the public keys that allow you to check the signatures. I doubt it’s much of a threat to be honest, because you’d have to forge the paper part of the passport to match the cloned chip, and that strikes me as a little harder. The only people who read the chips, or at least attempt to read the chips, are immigration officers. My bank doesn’t have any readers, nor does my airline and nor does Eurostar or anyone else. Anyway, as the journalist points out, digital signatures are pretty useless if no-one implements them. I’m not sure why it’s in the new today, since it’s a recycling of a story that’s a couple of years old
A German computer security consultant has shown that he can clone the electronic passports that the United States and other countries are beginning to distribute this year.[From Hackers Clone E-Passports]
It may be a symptom of a general collapse in public trust of any kind of government IT rather than a specific reflection on anything to do with e-passports.
Bernard Herdan, head of passports in the U.K., explained all this to some M.P.s last year:
Mr Herdan: They could not change the data in that chip, no, because of the PKI technology, which is not in the suppliers’ hands to change.[From Uncorrected Evidence 362]
I explained what this means in more detail some time ago,
The data is signed (well, a hash of the data is signed) using a private key from the issuing country. The corresponding public keys are stored in the ICAO Public Key Directory (PKD), so the border control terminals need to download these every day, which may not have been thought through as well as it might be. But, in theory at least, you cannot forge an e-passport because you cannot forge the digital signature that is blown into the chip, even if you can forge the written signature on the passport.[From Digital Identity Forum: Budapests]
But if the terminals don’t even attempt to obtain keys from the PKD and check the digital signature, then what’s the point of the chip?
These opinions are my own (I think) and are presented solely in my capacity as an interested member of the general public [posted with ecto