What are these “challenges”? I think they are alluding to a tussle between service providers (eg, banks) and mobile operators over NFC. The mobile operators want everything to go through the SIM, generally speaking, including NFC applications. This frames NFC applications in the kind of portal strategy that was so successful for the operators when they introduced WAP. Naturally, the service providers want NFC applications to be directly addressable without going through the SIM, so that anyone can load any NFC application into their phone.
I have to say that my sympathies are with the service providers here. We’ve been having fun building and loading NFC applications for a variety of clients using — for instance — the Nokia NFC phone (see diagram below) and it would be crazy to have get permission from (or, indeed, pay) an operator to load a new application: it would kill creativity.
In fact, I’m sure it would it be bad (even for the operators) to have NFC locked down by the operators. For one thing, contactless payments are only one potential use of NFC phones and the operators should not let this one application (and the ideaof charging banks a transaction fee) to dominate their roadmap. There is a much bigger picture, which is around the integration of mobile phones into their local environments. Look at smart posters, as an obvious example: we’ve been playing with these for a while now. Incidentally, one of the demonstrations that we will be presenting at the Intelligent Transport Systems World Congress in London next month allows someone to find out a bus timetable by holding their phone up to a poster at a bus stop and then subsequently buy a ticket by waving their phone over a “purchase ticket” label (we’ll also be demonstrating phone-to-phone transfer of tickets, which is pretty interesting). Anyway, the point is that no-one accesses these kinds of services by typing URLs into WAP screens: no smart posters means no servicediscovery and therefore no data usage.
I wonder how this is any different to cameras in phones? After all, the operators were presumably in favour of adding cameras to phones because they thought it would generate extra revenues because of picture messaging. In fact, as far as I know, picture messaging has been pretty slow to take off. The average UK mobile phone user must send 500 text messages for every picture message. Yet other new services did spring up — mobile blogging for example, which is implemented in a very user-friendly way on my new K800i — and now it’s hard to buy a phone without a camera in it. If the operators had constrained the camera use so that you had to pay the operator every time you took a picture, or you could only take pictures of certain things or in certain countries, then who would want a camera phone?
There was a discussion about this on the Oxford Mobile Forum recently. I was of the opinion that we should help to operators to develop “internet” business thinking around NFC: open it up and let a thousand flowers bloom, all of which would use SMS, GPRS, 3G or even voice communications, all of which generate more revenue for operators. Otherwise why use a phone and NFC?